HelenOS sources

root/uspace/app/blkdump/blkdump.c

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DEFINITIONS

This source file includes following definitions.
  1. main
  2. print_blocks
  3. print_toc
  4. print_hex_row
  5. syntax_print

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2011 Martin Sucha
 * Copyright (c) 2013 Jiri Svoboda
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *   documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * - The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
 *   derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/** @addtogroup blkdump
 * @{
 */

/**
 * @file        blockdump.c
 * @brief       Tool for dumping content of block devices
 *
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <block.h>
#include <mem.h>
#include <loc.h>
#include <byteorder.h>
#include <scsi/mmc.h>
#include <offset.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <str.h>

#define NAME    "blkdump"

static void syntax_print(void);
static int print_blocks(aoff64_t block_offset, aoff64_t block_count, size_t block_size);
static int print_toc(void);
static void print_hex_row(uint8_t *data, size_t length, size_t bytes_per_row);

static bool relative = false;
static service_id_t service_id;

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{

        errno_t rc;
        char *dev_path;
        size_t block_size;
        char *endptr;
        aoff64_t block_offset = 0;
        aoff64_t block_count = 1;
        aoff64_t dev_nblocks;
        bool toc = false;

        if (argc < 2) {
                printf(NAME ": Error, argument missing.\n");
                syntax_print();
                return 1;
        }

        --argc;
        ++argv;

        if (str_cmp(*argv, "--toc") == 0) {
                --argc;
                ++argv;
                toc = true;
                goto devname;
        }

        if (str_cmp(*argv, "--relative") == 0) {
                --argc;
                ++argv;
                relative = true;
        }

        if (str_cmp(*argv, "--offset") == 0) {
                --argc;
                ++argv;
                if (*argv == NULL) {
                        printf(NAME ": Error, argument missing (offset).\n");
                        syntax_print();
                        return 1;
                }

                block_offset = strtol(*argv, &endptr, 10);
                if (*endptr != '\0') {
                        printf(NAME ": Error, invalid argument (offset).\n");
                        syntax_print();
                        return 1;
                }

                --argc;
                ++argv;
        }

        if (str_cmp(*argv, "--count") == 0) {
                --argc;
                ++argv;
                if (*argv == NULL) {
                        printf(NAME ": Error, argument missing (count).\n");
                        syntax_print();
                        return 1;
                }

                block_count = strtol(*argv, &endptr, 10);
                if (*endptr != '\0') {
                        printf(NAME ": Error, invalid argument (count).\n");
                        syntax_print();
                        return 1;
                }

                --argc;
                ++argv;
        }

devname:
        if (argc != 1) {
                printf(NAME ": Error, unexpected argument.\n");
                syntax_print();
                return 1;
        }

        dev_path = *argv;

        rc = loc_service_get_id(dev_path, &service_id, 0);
        if (rc != EOK) {
                printf(NAME ": Error resolving device `%s'.\n", dev_path);
                return 2;
        }

        rc = block_init(service_id, 2048);
        if (rc != EOK)  {
                printf(NAME ": Error initializing libblock.\n");
                return 2;
        }

        rc = block_get_bsize(service_id, &block_size);
        if (rc != EOK) {
                printf(NAME ": Error determining device block size.\n");
                return 2;
        }

        rc = block_get_nblocks(service_id, &dev_nblocks);
        if (rc != EOK) {
                printf(NAME ": Warning, failed to obtain block device size.\n");
        }

        printf("Device %s has %" PRIuOFF64 " blocks, %" PRIuOFF64 " bytes each\n", dev_path, dev_nblocks, (aoff64_t) block_size);

        int ret;
        if (toc)
                ret = print_toc();
        else
                ret = print_blocks(block_offset, block_count, block_size);

        block_fini(service_id);

        return ret;
}

static int print_blocks(aoff64_t block_offset, aoff64_t block_count, size_t block_size)
{
        uint8_t *data;
        aoff64_t current;
        aoff64_t limit;
        size_t data_offset;
        errno_t rc;

        data = malloc(block_size);
        if (data == NULL) {
                printf(NAME ": Error allocating data buffer of %" PRIuOFF64 " bytes", (aoff64_t) block_size);
                return 3;
        }

        limit = block_offset + block_count;
        for (current = block_offset; current < limit; current++) {
                rc = block_read_direct(service_id, current, 1, data);
                if (rc != EOK) {
                        printf(NAME ": Error reading block at %" PRIuOFF64 " \n", current);
                        free(data);
                        return 3;
                }

                printf("---- Block %" PRIuOFF64 " (at %" PRIuOFF64 ") ----\n", current, current * block_size);

                for (data_offset = 0; data_offset < block_size; data_offset += 16) {
                        if (relative) {
                                printf("%8" PRIxOFF64 ": ", (aoff64_t) data_offset);
                        } else {
                                printf("%8" PRIxOFF64 ": ", current * block_size + data_offset);
                        }
                        print_hex_row(data + data_offset, block_size - data_offset, 16);
                        printf("\n");
                }
                printf("\n");
        }

        free(data);
        return 0;
}

static int print_toc(void)
{
        scsi_toc_multisess_data_t toc;
        errno_t rc;

        rc = block_read_toc(service_id, 0, &toc, sizeof(toc));
        if (rc != EOK)
                return 1;

        printf("Multisession Information:\n");
        printf("\tFirst complete session: %" PRIu8 "\n", toc.first_sess);
        printf("\tLast complete session: %" PRIu8 "\n", toc.last_sess);
        printf("\tFirst track of last complete session:\n");
        printf("\t\tADR / Control: 0x%" PRIx8 "\n", toc.ftrack_lsess.adr_control);
        printf("\t\tTrack number: %" PRIu8 "\n", toc.ftrack_lsess.track_no);
        printf("\t\tStart block address: %" PRIu32 "\n", toc.ftrack_lsess.start_addr);

        return 0;
}

/**
 * Print a row of 16 bytes as commonly seen in hexadecimal dumps
 */
static void print_hex_row(uint8_t *data, size_t length, size_t bytes_per_row)
{
        size_t pos;
        uint8_t b;

        if (length > bytes_per_row) {
                length = bytes_per_row;
        }

        /* Print hexadecimal values */
        for (pos = 0; pos < length; pos++) {
                if (pos == length / 2) {
                        printf(" ");
                }
                printf("%02hhX ", data[pos]);
        }

        /* Pad with spaces if we have less than 16 bytes */
        for (pos = length; pos < bytes_per_row; pos++) {
                if (pos == length / 2) {
                        printf(" ");
                }
                printf("   ");
        }

        /* Print printable characters */
        for (pos = 0; pos < length; pos++) {
                if (pos == length / 2) {
                        printf(" ");
                }
                b = data[pos];
                if (b >= 32 && b < 128) {
                        putchar(b);
                } else {
                        putchar('.');
                }
        }
}

static void syntax_print(void)
{
        printf("syntax: blkdump [--toc] [--relative] [--offset <num_blocks>] "
            "[--count <num_blocks>] <device_name>\n");
}

/**
 * @}
 */

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